Director Vittorio Taviani, born in San Miniato on 20 September 1929, died in Rome after a long and painful illness. This same illness last year forced his brother Paolo to shoot alone Rainbow - A Private Matter, the last example of their vision of cinema and politics. Following the family's wishes, the director's body would be cremated and there will be no public funeral.

Interested in cinema since his earliest youth, Vittorio started a cineclub in the city of Pisa and then, with his brother Paolo, moved to Rome in the mid-1950s. Cesare Zavattini collaborated on one of their works on the Resistance, San Miniato July '44. Another lucky encounter was with documentarist Joris Ivens, who co-directed Italy Is Not a Poor Country (1960). This idea of collective work led the Tavianis to work with Valentino Orsini on their first feature films, A Man for Burning and Outlaws of Love, directed between 1962 and 1963.

In 1967, the first film directed only by the couple, The Subversives, starring a young Lucio Dalla, forewarns the rebellions of 1968 moving from the funeral of politician Palmiro Togliatti. Besides the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement in 1986, the Taviani Brothers won the Palm d'Or in Cannes for Padre padrone (1977), presented by a jury headed by Roberto Rossellini; the Cannes Grand Jury Prize for The Night of the Shooting Stars (1982); the Berlin Golden Bear for Ceasar Must Die (2012). Among their other successful works, Allonsanfan, Kaos, Good Morning Babilonia, but also TV experiments such as Resurrection, made for Rai in 2001.

Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, stated: "The passing of Vittorio Taviani is a grave loss for Italian cinema and culture, which lose one of his undisputed and beloved protagonists. The fruitful human and artistic partnership with his brother Paolo produced unforgettable masterpieces, in which their extremely refined and highly poetic style combines with a strong sentiment of civil passion. While sending my deepest condolences to his wife, sons, and his brother Paolo, I wish to remind his human trait too - that of generous, friendly, and reserved filmmaker."

In the words of Culture Minister Dario Franceschini: "It's a sad days for culture, one of our great film masters passed away. Stylistic elegance and civil commitment have been the distinguishing traits of Vittorio Taviani throughout his long and prestigious career. In this sad time of mourning, my condolences to his brother Paolo."